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Soil-Borne Pests of Peanut in Growers' Fields with Different Cropping Histories in Alabama¹

Authors: K. L. Bowen , A. K. Hagan , J. R. Weeks

  • Soil-Borne Pests of Peanut in Growers' Fields with Different Cropping Histories in Alabama¹

    ARTICLES

    Soil-Borne Pests of Peanut in Growers' Fields with Different Cropping Histories in Alabama¹

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

Pest levels and yields of peanut were monitored in growers' fields in 1991 through 1993. Yields ranged from 2085 to 6440 kg/ha and averaged 3947 kg/ha over the 3 yr. Incidence of southern stem rot (SSR) (caused by Sclerotium rolfsii) averaged 7.6 foci (up to 30 cm in length) per 30.5 m row and ranged from 0 to 31.0 foci. Peanut yield tended to be inversely related to incidence of SSR and directly related to the number of years between peanut crops. Incidence of SSR was inversely related to number of years between peanut crops and was consistently greater in fields cropped to peanut every other year compared to other fields with less intensive peanut production. Yields obtained from irrigated fields averaged 11.4% greater than those without irrigation. Leaf spot control programs used by growers provided consistent levels of control. Peanut seed invasion by aflatoxigenic fungi and plant damage by larvae of the lesser cornstalk borer (Elasmopalus lignosellus) generally were low. Seed invasion by Aspergillus flavus-type fungi was positively correlated (P < 0.05) with damage due to lesser cornstalk borer in 1993. Juvenile populations of root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) were positively correlated (P < 0.001) with incidence of SSR in 1992.

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Keywords: yield losses, rotations, Arachis hypogaea, Groundnut, white mold

How to Cite:

Bowen, K. & Hagan, A. & Weeks, J., (1995) “Soil-Borne Pests of Peanut in Growers' Fields with Different Cropping Histories in Alabama¹”, Peanut Science 23(1), p.36-42. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-23-1-7

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Published on
01 Jul 1995
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1 Contribution of the Alabama Agric. Exp. Stn., Auburn Univ., Jour. Series No. 18-944913. This study was funded in part by USDA Southern Regional IPM Project USDA-CRS-92341036922.