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Preharvest Aflatoxin Contamination in Drought-Tolerant and Drought-Intolerant Peanut Genotypes¹

Authors: C. C. Holbrook , C. K. Kvien , K. S. Rucker , D. M. Wilson , J. E. Hook , M. E. Matheron

  • Preharvest Aflatoxin Contamination in Drought-Tolerant and Drought-Intolerant Peanut Genotypes¹

    ARTICLES

    Preharvest Aflatoxin Contamination in Drought-Tolerant and Drought-Intolerant Peanut Genotypes¹

    Authors: , , , , ,

Abstract

Peanuts become contaminated with aflatoxins when subjected to prolonged periods of heat and drought stress. The effect of drought tolerance on aflatoxin contamination is not known. The objectives of this research were to evaluate preharvest aflatoxin contamination in peanut genotypes known to have drought tolerance and to determine the correlation of drought tolerance characteristics with aflatoxin contamination. Twenty genotypes with different levels of drought tolerance were grown in Yuma, AZ (a desert environment) and under rain-protected shelters in Tifton, GA. Two drought-tolerant genotypes (PI 145681 and Tifton 8) and an intolerant genotype (PI 196754) were selected for further examination in a second experiment with two planting dates in 1997 at Tifton. Drought and heat stress conditions were imposed for the 40 d preceding harvest. The drought-intolerant genotype had greater preharvest aflatoxin contamination than Florunner (the check cultivar) in the tests conducted in 1997. Both drought-tolerant genotypes had less preharvest aflatoxin contamination than Florunner in these tests. Significant positive correlations were observed between aflatoxin contamination and leaf temperature and between aflatoxin contamination and visual stress ratings. Leaf temperature and visual stress ratings are less variable and less expensive to measure than aflatoxin contamination. Leaf temperature and visual stress ratings maybe useful in indirectly selecting for reduced aflatoxin contamination in breeding populations.

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Keywords: Arachis hypogaea, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, plant stress

How to Cite:

Holbrook, C. & Kvien, C. & Rucker, K. & Wilson, D. & Hook, J. & Matheron, M., (2000) “Preharvest Aflatoxin Contamination in Drought-Tolerant and Drought-Intolerant Peanut Genotypes¹”, Peanut Science 27(2), p.45-48. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-27-2-1

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Published on
01 Jul 2000
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1Cooperative investigation of the USDA-ARS, the Univ. of Georgia and the Univ. of Arizona.