Adjuvants can have a major influence on efficacy of postemergence herbicides. Imazapic and 2,4-DB are applied postemergence in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to control a variety of weeds. Determining how adjuvants influence efficacy of these herbicides could lead to more efficient weed management. Field experiments were conducted during 1997 and 1998 to determine the influence of nonionic surfactant, crop oil concentrate, organosilicone surfactant, and a blend of organosilicone surfactant and methylated seed oil on efficacy of imazapic and 2,4-DB. No-adjuvant and nontreated controls were also included. Adjuvants did not increase redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) or common cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium L.) control by imazapic. Only minor differences in control of eclipta (Eclipta prostrata L.), entireleaf morningglory (Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula Gray), and pitted morningglory (Ipomoea lacunosa L.) by imazapic were noted among adjuvants. Sicklepod Senna obtusifolia (L.) Erwin and Barneby and pitted morningglory control increased when 2,4-DB was applied with adjuvants. Common cocklebur control was improved in one of three experiments when adjuvants were applied with 2,4-DB. Redroot pigweed and entireleaf morningglory control by 2,4-DB was not affected by adjuvants.
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Keywords: Additives, adjuvant blend, crop oil concentrate, herbicide, methylated seed oil, nonionic surfactant, organosilicone surfactant, Weed control
How to Cite:
Jordan, D., (1999) “Influence of Adjuvants on Efficacy of Imazapic and 2,4-DB”, Peanut Science 26(1), p.1-. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-26-1-1