ARTICLES

Survey by ELISA of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Vectored Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Distribution in Foliage and Flowers of Field-Infected Peanut¹

Authors: Kenya K. Kresta , Forrest L. Mitchell , J. W. Smith

  • Survey by ELISA of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Vectored Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Distribution in Foliage and Flowers of Field-Infected Peanut¹

    ARTICLES

    Survey by ELISA of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Vectored Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Distribution in Foliage and Flowers of Field-Infected Peanut¹

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

The foliage of individual field-infected peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L.) was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the presence of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). TSWV was detected commonly in terminals (folded quadrifoliates) and flowers, the vector's feeding and breeding niches. Reconstructions of the assayed plants demonstrated that the virus concentration varied from plant to plant and symptoms were significantly correlated to virus concentration in individual leaves and terminals. The virus was not distributed uniformly throughout individual plants but was concentrated in young, developing terminal tissue. The presence of symptoms was indicative of detectable virus 95% of the time.

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Keywords: Insecta, Frankliniella fusca, Frankliniella occidentalis, Tobacco thrips, western flower thrips, tospovirus

How to Cite:

Kresta, K. & Mitchell, F. & Smith, J., (1995) “Survey by ELISA of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Vectored Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Distribution in Foliage and Flowers of Field-Infected Peanut¹”, Peanut Science 22(2), p.141-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-22-2-13

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Published on
01 Jul 1995
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1This research was conducted by the Texas Agric. Exp. Stn., the Texas A&M Univ. System. Support for this project was provided by the Texas Peanut Producers Board, the Frio County Res. Found., the Texas Agric. Exp. Stn., and USDA-CSRS grants 89341034239 and 90341034981.