1Alabama Agric. Exp. Stn., Auburn, AL36849. Alabama Agric. Exp. Stn. J. Ser. No. ALA00770.
Variability of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedling spacing, and yield were compared for a conventional and a vacuum-type planter in field studies conducted in 1991 and 1992. Vacuum-type planters have an improved seed metering system and are considered to be more precise. This added precision may serve to compensate for lower than normal seeding rates. Seeding rates evaluated decreased in a step-wise manner from the normal range of 123 to 101 kg/ha, to a minimum of 34 kg/ha. Spacing between individual seedlings was measured after emergence. The occurrence of tomato spotted wilt (TSWV) and southern stem rot were also determined. In 1991 and across all seeding rates, variability in seedling spacing (i.e. standard deviation) was identical between the two planters. In 1992, at 3 of the five seeding rates (34, 56, and 101 kg/ha) standard deviation was less with the vacuum planter. In both years yield and disease occurrence was influenced only by seeding rate, and was independent of planter type. TSWV was inversely related to seeding rate, the opposite relationship occurred with southern stem rot. Maximum yield was achieved with a seeding rate of 101 kg/ha.
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Keywords: Planter efficiency, vacuum planters, Southern Stem Rot, Sclerotium rolfsii, tomato spotted wilt virus, TSWV
How to Cite:
Wehtje, G. & Weeks, R. & West, M. & Wells, L. & Pace, P., (1994) “Influence of Planter Type and Seeding Rate on Yield and Disease Incidence in Peanut¹”, Peanut Science 21(1), p.16-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-21-1-5