1Contribution from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA.
Accurate identification of promising parents is crucial for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivar development. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the combining ability for yield and yield components of six genetically diverse peanut cultivars, (2) examine the relationship between F1 diallel analysis predictions and performance in subsequent generations, and (3) determine if parental performance per se could be used to identify desirable parents. Six peanut cultivars were selected to represent a wide range of genetic diversity and intermated using a half-diallel mating design. The cultivars included two Spanish market-types, Dixie Spanish and Spancross; two runner market-types, Southeastern Runner 5615 and Tifrun; and two Virginia market-types, Virginia Runner G26 and Georgia 11920. Parents and progenies were field evaluated each year at Tifton, GA. The F2 and F3 generations were tested in 1986 and 1987, respectively. Combining ability analysis showed that general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects were significant (P < 0.05) for all variables measured. Although SCA remained a significant source of variation in the F3 generation, it accounted for a relatively small portion of the total variation. Tifrun had the greatest GCA effects for plot yield, pod weight per plant, seed weight per plant and seed number per plant. GCA estimates from F1 progeny were not effective in predicting performance in subsequent generations. Parental performance per se was highly correlated with performance across cross combinations in the F2 and F3 generations. GCA estimates from F2 and F3 progeny provided little information not available from simply examining parental performance.
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Keywords: Arachis hypogaea L, General Combining Ability, Specific Combining Ability, plant breeding, diallel analysis, quantitative genetics
How to Cite:
Holbrook, C., (1990) “Utility of Early Generation Diallel Analysis for Predicting Parental Potential for Yield and Yield Components in Peanuts¹”, Peanut Science 17(1), p.9-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-17-1-4