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Chlorpyrifos-methyl as a Protectant of Farmers Stock Peanuts¹

Authors: F. H. Arthur , L. M. Redlinger , R. A. Simonaitis

  • Chlorpyrifos-methyl as a Protectant of Farmers Stock Peanuts¹

    ARTICLES

    Chlorpyrifos-methyl as a Protectant of Farmers Stock Peanuts¹

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

Runner variety farmers stock peanuts were treated with either distilled water, 52 ppm malathion. or chlorpyrifosmethyl (CM) applied at 10, 15, 20 and 25 ppm, held in a metal shed and artificially infested with insect pest species commonly found in stored peanuts. Peanuts were sampled at 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months post-treatment. After 6 months ca 22 of loose-shelled kernels (LSK) in malathion-treated peanuts were damaged by insects; after 9 and 12 months damage increased to 36 and 49. In contrast, LSK damage in peanuts treated with CM exceeded 6 after 9 and 12 months only in the 10 ppm treatment. Damage to kernels from cracked pods in malathion-treated peanuts was 6.9 and 11.2 after 9 and 12 months, respectively, but damaged cracked pod kernels exceeded 2 only in the 10 ppm CM treatment at 12 months. Degradation of CM residues occurred more slowly than malathion residues during the final 6 months of the test.

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Keywords: peanuts, chlorpyrifos-methyl, malathion, loose-shelled kernels Cadra cautella, Plodia interpunctella, Tribolium castaneum.

How to Cite:

Arthur, F. & Redlinger, L. & Simonaitis, R., (1988) “Chlorpyrifos-methyl as a Protectant of Farmers Stock Peanuts¹”, Peanut Science 15(1), p.15-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-15-1-5

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Published on
01 Jan 1988
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1This paper reports the results of research only. Mention of a pesticide or a commercial or proprietary product does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement by the U. S. Department of Agriculture.