ARTICLES

In Vitro Differentiation of a Wild Peanut, Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne¹,²

Authors: R. N. Pittman , B. B. Johnson , D. J. Banks

  • In Vitro Differentiation of a Wild Peanut, Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne¹,²

    ARTICLES

    In Vitro Differentiation of a Wild Peanut, Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne¹,²

    Authors: , ,

Abstract

Immature leaflets 3 to 5 mm in length from Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne seedlings were cultured in vitro on a medium consisting of the major and minor salts of Murashige and Skoog (MS), Gamborg's B5 vitamins, 20 g/L sucrose, 0.8% Difco agar, 4.44 μM N-6 benzyladenine (BA) and 5.37 μM napthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Hard callus with many shoot primordia formed on all leaflets within 4 to 6 weeks. Calli with primordia were further cultured for plant formation on 150 other media (MS major salts at 1/2 or 1/4 strength, full strength minor salts and vitamins, sucrose at 5 or 10 g/L, BA and NAA at 0 to 8 μM). Reduced concentrations of major salts with a high ratio of BA to NAA enhanced the formation of shoot primordia. Roots differentiated on media with 1/4 strength major salts, no BA, and 6 to 8 μM NAA and 5 g/L sucrose. Shoots differentiated from the branch points of roots after 2 to 4 months of culture. Plants were obtained via shoot primordia from callus and from the adventitious shoots from roots.

Full Article Available as PDF only - Use Download Feature

Keywords: Groundnut, Morphogenesis, organogenesis, SEM, Tissue Culture

How to Cite:

Pittman, R. & Johnson, B. & Banks, D., (1984) “In Vitro Differentiation of a Wild Peanut, Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne¹,²”, Peanut Science 11(1), p.24-27. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-11-1-8

42 Views

4 Downloads

Published on
01 Jan 1984
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1Cooperative investigations of Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078. Journal article no. 4328, Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station.

2Mention of a trademark or proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty of the product by the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station or the U.S. Department of Agriculture and does not imply its approval to the exclusion of other products that may be suitable.