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Incidence and Economic Importance of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes on Peanut in Texas

Authors: T. A. Wheeler , J. L. Starr

  • Incidence and Economic Importance of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes on Peanut in Texas

    ARTICLES

    Incidence and Economic Importance of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes on Peanut in Texas

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Abstract

The distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in five Texas peanut producing counties was determined during 1985 and 1986 growing seasons. Criconemella, the most frequently detected genus, was present in 83.4% of the samples; evidence of crop damage was not observed. Meloidogyne arenaria was detected in 15.5% of the samples. In microplot tests, there was a significant negative relationship between initial populations of M. arenaria and peanut yields; a linear model estimates a 10% yield loss with initial populations of 44-83 M. arenaria500 cm3 soil. At least 10% of the survey samples were estimated to have root-knot nematode populations exceeding that necessary for a 10 yield loss. Other parasitic genera found in the survey were Pratylenchus (15.7% of the samples) and Belonolaimus (0.8% of the samples). While pod symptoms of Pratylenchus damage were observed, reliable yield loss estimates can not be made with existing data.

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Keywords: yield losses, lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp, ring nematodes, Criconemella spp, sting nematodes, Belonolaimus spp, root-knot nematodes, and Meloidogyne spp

How to Cite:

Wheeler, T. & Starr, J., (1987) “Incidence and Economic Importance of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes on Peanut in Texas”, Peanut Science 14(2), p.94-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-14-2-11

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Published on
01 Jul 1987
Peer Reviewed