1Contribution from the Texas Agric. Exp. Stn., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TA No. 20764. Partial support provided by the Texas Peanut Producers Board, Gorman, TX.
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) yield test plots are often trimmed to standard row lengths early in the growing season. This might bias selection if cultivars differ in end-of-row effects. Terminal, sub-terminal, and center row sections of 2-row plots 5 m in length were harvested separately to ascertain relative end-of-row competition effects. Data were collected on two cultivars each of Spanish, runner, and Virginia market types from irrigated and non-irrigated yield tests at each of two locations for two years. Significant end-of-row effects were observed for all cultivars with the greater effect on the Virginia and runner cultivars in non-irrigated tests. Row section location, irrigation, and market type interactions were significant (P = .0001) but the cultivar within market type row section interaction was not significant (P = .05) when averaged over tests. Yield component analyses from two tests indicated that higher unit area yields of terminal compared to center row segments resulted from increased pod numbers. Pod and 100-seed weight of mature, two-segmented pods from terminal row sections were less than for center-of-row sections. Disproportionate end-of-row effects among the cultivars on total row yield were not sufficient in this test to cause significant selection misclassifications, if comparisons are made within Spanish and Virginia botanical types.
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Keywords: Arachis hypogaea, Groundnut, competition, yield trials, end-trimming
How to Cite:
Smith, O. & Simpson, C. & Howard, E., (1986) “End-of-Row Effects on Peanut Yield Tests¹”, Peanut Science 13(1), p.1-4. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-13-1-1