ARTICLES

Screening for Resistance to Cylindrocladium Black Rot in Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)¹

Authors: T. A. Coffelt , K. H. Garren

  • Screening for Resistance to Cylindrocladium Black Rot in Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)¹

    ARTICLES

    Screening for Resistance to Cylindrocladium Black Rot in Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)¹

    Authors: ,

Abstract

Cylindrocladium black rot (CBR) of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.), caused by Calonectria crotalariae (Loos) Bell & Sobers (Cylindrocladium crotalariae (Loos) Bell & Sobers), is potentially one of the most serious peanut diseases in Virginia. Over 60 peanut lines at multiple locations and 140 peanut lines at a single location were screened in the field for resistance to CBR from 19731977 in Virginia and North Carolina. Susceptibility to CBR was determined by number of dead plants per plot in 1973 and by percent dead plants per plot in 19741977. In addition, in 1974, 1975 and 1977, visual estimates of CBR damage to roots and pods were made. Florigiant, Spancross, VGP 1 and/or NC 3033 were used as checks to determine relative susceptibility.

Results generally indicate that spanish-type peanuts are the most resistant to CBR, valencia-type peanuts the least resistant and Virginia-type peanuts intermediate. Florigiant was consistently one of the most susceptible genotypes, while NC 3033, Spancross and VGP 1 were among the most resistant. Four valencia-type peanuts, 22 virginia-type peanuts, 28 spanish-type peanuts, one segregating line, and one wild species (A. monticola), with resistance equal to or better than Spancross, NC 3033 and/or VGP 1 were identified. Pod and root damage scores generally corresponded with percent diseased plants. However, differences were observed, indicating separate genetic mechanisms may control pod and root resistance to CBR. The significances of variability among sister lines and locations are discussed.

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Keywords: Groundnut, Cylindrocladium Crotalariae, Calonectria crotalariae, Genetic Vulnerability, Disease resistance, plant breeding

How to Cite:

Coffelt, T. & Garren, K., (1982) “Screening for Resistance to Cylindrocladium Black Rot in Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)¹”, Peanut Science 9(1), p.1-5. doi: https://doi.org/10.3146/i0095-3679-9-1-1

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Published on
01 Jan 1982
Peer Reviewed

Author Notes

1Cooperative investigations of the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and The Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Research was supported in part by ARS grant No. 12-14-7001-855.